Introduction Appendicitis is a painful swelling of the appendix, a finger-like pouch connected to the large intestine. It’s located in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen (tummy). The condition starts as a pain in the centre of the abdomen. It then travels to the lower right-hand side and gradually gets worse. Appendicitis is a medical emergency that usually requires urgent surgery to remove the appendix. If left untreated,...

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Anal Fistula Repair

Introduction Some types of fistula have one channel, whereas others branch out into more than one opening. The fistula ends can appear as holes on the surface of the skin around the anus. An anal fistula is painful and can cause bleeding when you go to the toilet. Some fistulae can be connected to the sphincter muscles (the rings of muscles that open and close the anus). When should I see Dr. B C Shah? The common symptoms of an anal...

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Anal Fissure

  Introduction An anal fissure is a tear or ulcer (open sore) that develops in the lining of the anal canal. The most common symptoms of anal fissures include: A sharp pain or burning sensation when passing a stool (poo) Noticing bright red blood on toilet paper or on the toilet seat   The anal canal The anal canal is the last part of the large intestine (colon), and is located between the rectum (a small pouch where stools...

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    Introduction An amputation is the surgical removal of part of the body, usually an arm or leg. There are three main reasons why an amputation is carried out: The limb has been affected by gangrene (when the body’s tissue begins to die as a result of loss of blood supply) The limb poses a life-threatening danger to the person’s health, for example because it has been affected by cancer or a serious infection The limb has...

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Abscess Drainage

  Introduction Abscess Drainage An abscess is a painful collection of pus  caused by a bacterial infection.  This article focuses on two types of abscess: Skin abscesses – which can develop anywhere on the body and occur when a bacterial infection causes pus to collect in the skin Internal abscesses – which develop inside the body following an infection or an injury The symptoms of an abscess can vary depending on which type you...

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