Anal Fissure

Introduction An anal fissure is a tear or ulcer (open sore) that develops in the lining of the anal canal. The most common symptoms of anal fissures include: A sharp pain or burning sensation when passing a stool (poo) Noticing bright red blood on toilet paper or on the toilet seat   The anal canal The anal canal is the last part of the large intestine (colon), and is located between the rectum (a small pouch where stools are...

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Endoscopy

Introduction An endoscopy is a procedure where the inside of your body is examined internally using an endoscope. Endoscope An endoscope is a thin, long, flexible tube that has a light source and a video camera at one end. Images of the inside of your body are relayed to a television screen. Endoscopes can be inserted into the body through a natural opening, such as through your throat or anus (the opening through which stools are...

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Difficulty Swallowing – Dysphagia

What is difficulty swallowing Difficulty swallowing is also called dysphagia. It is usually a sign of a problem with your throat or esophagus -the muscular tube that moves food and liquids from the back of your mouth to your stomach. Although dysphagia can happen to anyone, it is most common in older adults, babies, and people who have problems of the brain or nervous system. There are many different problems that can prevent the...

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Colostomy (and closure)

Introduction A colostomy is a common surgical procedure that pulls a section of the large intestine (colon) through an opening in the abdominal wall. The opening is known as a stoma. A pouch is placed over the stoma to collect waste products that would usually pass through the colon and out of the body through the rectum and anus (your back passage). A colostomy can be permanent or temporary. When is a colostomy needed? A colostomy is...

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Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is an internal examination of the colon (large intestine) and rectum, using an instrument called a colonoscope. The colonoscope has a small camera attached to a flexible tube that can reach and examine the entire length of the colon. How the Test is Performed You will usually be given medicine into a vein to help you relax and not feel any discomfort. You will be awake during the test and may even be able to speak, but...

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