Information on cancer Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs. Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other areas. This process is known as metastasis. There are over 200 different types of cancer, each with its own methods of diagnosis and treatment. You can...

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Diabetes -Type 2

Introduction Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Types of diabetes There are two main types of diabetes, referred to as type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1...

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Introduction Gallstones are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. In most cases they do not cause any symptoms. However, if a gallstone becomes trapped in a duct (opening) inside the gallbladder it can trigger a sudden intense abdominal pain that usually lasts between one and five hours. This type of abdominal pain is known as biliary colic. The medical term for symptoms and complications related to...

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Introduction Diarrhoea is passing loose or watery faeces more than three times a day. It affects almost everyone from time to time and is usually nothing to worry about. A common cause in both children and adults is gastroenteritis, an infection of the bowel. Gastroenteritis may be caused by: A virus, such as a norovirus or rotavirus Bacteria, which is often found in contaminated food A parasite Bouts of diarrhoea in adults may also...

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Introduction Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It’s passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom). Chlamydia symptoms Most people who have chlamydia don’t notice any symptoms, and so don’t know they have it. Research suggests that 50% of men and 70-80% of women don’t get symptoms at all with chlamydia infection. Symptoms of chlamydia could be...

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Tuberculosis (TB)

Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread through inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person. It is a serious condition but can be cured with proper treatment. TB mainly affects the lungs. However, it can affect any part of the body, including the bones and nervous system. Typical symptoms of TB include: A persistent cough of more than three weeks that brings up phlegm which may be...

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